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Analysis of World Intellectual Property Organization ( WIPO)


Authored Shaik Uzma


Keywords: Intellectual property, strategies, UN, Protection.


Abstract

WIPO, which stands for the World Intellectual Property Organization, was founded on 14 July 1967 and is based in Geneva, Switzerland. This article will address WIPO's history, how it has influenced, what it is today, what are WIPO's missions, tasks, priorities are, and how it works to enhance intellectual property rights around the world.


Background

The Paris Convention-The Paris Convention is for the Protection of Industrial Property, which began with the Paris Convention of 1883, is considered to be the first significant move taken to help creators to ensure that their intellectual works are protected worldwide.


Berne Convention-It began with a campaign by a French writer Victor Hugo, the aim behind it was to give the creators their right to manage and obtain foreign compensation for their artistic work.


Madrid Agreement- In the context of the Madrid Agreement, the first international IP filing service was initiated. This agreement was the first step toward WIPO as well.


BIRPI- 1893 was best known by its French acronym BIRPI by the United Foreign Bureaux for the Defense of Intellectual Property. Headquartered in Switzerland, this company was WIPO's predecessor.


WIPO- WIPO, headquartered in Geneva , Switzerland, is the outcome of BIRPI and culmination of all the major conventions and agreements before it. In 1974, WIPO joined the United Nations.


Introduction

The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) is a Geneva-based organization working with the vision of encouraging artistic practices and promoting the defense of intellectual property worldwide. WIPO is one of the United Nations' 15 Specialist Organizations. The World Intellectual Property Organization currently has 193 members. Initially, at the time of its creation, WIPO was concerned with promoting the security of an intellectual property.


When it joined the United Nations in 1974, it was redefined as public interest or humanitarian goal. Article 1 of the main agreement defining the relationship between the WIPO and the UN reaffirms the intent of the WIPO as follows: 'to encourage innovative intellectual activities and to facilitate the transfer to developing countries of technology relating to an industrial property to accelerate economic, social and cultural growth.'

According to the WIPO program and budget for 2020-2021, the WIPO is an outstanding organization among the UN organizations. Its operations are mainly self-financed, its revenue for the biennium is expected to surpass 880 million Swiss francs, and its expenditure is expected to be 768 million Swiss francs. WIPO predicted that approximately 95% of the projected revenue would be generated from the fees that the organization will earn for its services.

In the field of IP security, the World Intellectual Property Organisation is the oldest organization. It was initially established at the 1893 diplomatic conference.

WIPO's Strategic Priorities

WIPO runs on a projected 5-year-based format, with the latest 5-year plan running from 2017-2021. For five years, WIPO sets strategic targets, implements activities, and milestones, and envisages their development accordingly.

  1. Use IP assets by the collaboration to advance research and development ( R&D) for neglected tropical diseases (NTDs), malaria, and TB.

  2. To speed up the progress of promising compounds or leads.

  3. To improve IP management and biomedical R&D global capacity.

  4. Communicating the beneficial function of IP for NTDs, malaria, and TB in innovation.

Mission

WIPO's goal is to develop a robust, well-balanced, and productive framework for the defense and enforcement of intellectual property rights. Article 1 of the 1974 WIPO-UN Agreement states that "to accelerate economic, social and cultural growth" is a redefined version of what it used to be, and this arose since WIPO is part of the UN and the UN operates for a broader range of people and is committed to the development of global society.

Work for gender equality- The WIPO aims to create an environment where gender equality exists. Men and women are valued in equal measure, and where relevant and decision-making roles are held equally. As a lead agency within the UN, several projects aimed at awareness-raising, capacity building, and leadership have been launched by WIPO.

Leadership-The International Gender Champions Network is the name of the Global Women's Leadership initiative. Launched in 2015 by the Director-General of WIPO, Francis Gurry was one of the first individuals to join the industry.

Raising awareness of gender-WIPO has taken several initiatives under the concept of raising awareness of gender, for example- Highlighting women 's accomplishments, the "Powering Change: Women in Innovation and Creativity" campaign for World Intellectual Property Day in 2018 was.

Functions

WIPO's key roles include:

  1. To support the creation of campaigns to enhance IP security worldwide and to harmonize national legislation in this area,

  2. Signing foreign IP security deals,

  3. Application of the administrative roles of the Unions of Paris and Berne,

  4. Rendering in the field of IP technological and legal assistance,

  5. The collection and distribution of data, the conduct of research and the publication of results,

  6. Ensuring the function of the international IP security facilitator programs,

  7. The execution of all other relevant behavior.

  8. The administration of multilateral international agreements is the essential feature of WIPO, including depositing treaties, dispute resolution instruments of states, ensuring a review of treaties, etc.

World Intellectual Property Indicator

The World Intellectual Property Indicator is an annual report published by the World Intellectual Property Organization, which covers the areas of intellectual property and the wide range of indicators it provides. The national and regional IP offices, WIPO, the World Bank, and UNESCO, deliver the data needed for the hands. Since 2009, WIPO has been publishing this annual report.

Out of the total patent applications filed worldwide in 2018 (3,326,300), 1,542,002 were filed in China, which is 46.4 percent of the world's share, China dominates the charts when it comes to the data published by WIPO, and the figures saw an increase of 11.6 percent compared to the data published in 2017. China shows total superiority by a considerable number not only for patent applications but also in other areas. In Utility Models, China's world share is 96.6 percent, in Trademarks, 51.4 percent, Industrial Designs, 54 percent, Plant Varieties: 28.5 percent. A massive increase in the number of applications filed worldwide in all these categories is seen with every passing year.

Declaration from Geneva on the Future of WIPO

A declaration from Geneva on the future of WIPO was released in September 2004. Prominent legal scholars, public interest NGOs, advocates, a former French Prime Minister, a 2002 Nobel Prize winner for physiology, scientists, and many other interested citizens of global society were among the people involved in that declaration. The declaration was for WIPO to change its "culture of creating and expanding monopoly privileges, often without regard to the consequences." The statement stated that the "continuous expansion of these privileges and their enforcement mechanisms by WIPO has led to serious social and economic costs and has hampered and threatened other significant creativity and innovation systems."

The declaration concerned the WIPO's excessive protection of intellectual property, and the statement was intended to make WIPO realize its real economic and social implications. It called on them to strike a balance between, on the one hand, public domain and competition and, on the other, the sphere of property rights. It highlighted that the measures being taken might prove dangerous for the market's much-needed competitiveness factor. The declaration highlighted important reasons for countries struggling to meet the basic needs of their citizens. It acknowledged that the one-size-fits-all solution embraced by WIPO imposes an undue burden on these countries and, if it continues to do so, would inevitably dust them down.


This declaration, which had no legal meaning, did an awe-inspiring job igniting the flame that fueled many debates on WIPO's activities. This declaration, made by the declaration was heard worldwide and gained a lot of attention worldwide. That was a powerful word jointly driven by some of the world's most influential people, and it did what it was intended to do; pay attention to these activities.

The 2004 WIPO General Assembly adopted a resolution developing a development plan to change WIPO's practices of blindly growing intellectual property rights.

Conclusion

WIPO should pay close attention to the message of the Member States and integrate a Growth Agenda into the core policies and practices of WIPO. To more specifically align itself with the UN and its humanitarian goals, WIPO should update its mission. The mission and activities of WIPO should specifically recognize that countries have different needs and obligations at different stages of growth. A Treaty on Access to Information (A2K)should be passed by WIPO, which promotes the use of technology to facilitate education and individual empowerment.


References

https://www.drishtiias.com/important-institutions/drishti-specials-important-institutions-international-institution/important-institutions-international-world-intellectual-property-organisation-wipo

https://blog.ipleaders.in/wipo-world-intellectual-property-organisation/

https://blog.ipleaders.in/introduction-intellectual-property/


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