• Legis Scriptor

Patent Appeal

Authored By- Shaik Lalbee

Keywords: Letter patent appeal, intra-court appeal, civil suit, writs, cause of action, certified copies, remedy, interpretation, Endorse shapes, Arbitration Act.


Letter Patent Appeal (LPA) is an appeal to another bench of the same court against a ruling of a single judge. It was a remedy provided at the time when Letters Patent first created high courts in India in 1865. It's the only possible remedy against a single high court judge's decision; otherwise, the relief must rest with the Supreme Court.


Letter patent appeal (LPA) is an appeal brought by an applicant before another bench of the same court against a single judge's ruling. A single judge's decision would also sometimes go bad owing both to wrong facts and by statute. In this, the applicant has the opportunity to move to another bench that has more than one judge before moving to the Supreme Court. Letter patent appeal (LPA) is a high court and inter-court challenge in Supreme Court and both have separate laws on this letter patent appeal.

Letter patent appeal

Letter patent appeal (LPA) is an appeal brought by an applicant before another bench of the same court against a single judge's ruling. When high courts were first established in India in 1865 it was a solution offered. This is the only remedy available to the petitioner in court against the judgment of a single high court judge, otherwise only in the Supreme Court would be a relief. Applying the appellant for a letter patent appeal (LPA) will save the expense of proceeding in the Supreme Court. Normally a judgment and order passed under Article 226 of the Constitution is appealable as a letter patent appeal and the judgment and order passed under Article 227 is not appealable according to that group.[1]

Limitation Act

If we appeal against the high court order itself, it is considered an intra-court appeal, and the period for intra-court appeal is a maximum of 30 days. If we lodge an appeal against the high court's order before the Supreme Court, it is called an inter-court appeal, and the time limit for inter-court appeal is not more than 90 days.

An appeal against a judgment

An appeal may be lodged in a civil suit of a high court against any decision, declaration, or final order. If the case concerns a serious issue of law that is relevant and in the high court's views then the only high court can certify that an appeal is to be lodged. The party making an appeal which from the grounds demand the appropriate question of law, and must show that the interpretation of the constitution was wrongly decided. To file a petition, the court fees must be paid as per the table of schedules or as per the rule book.

1-3 of paperwork may accompany the applicant to fill out an appeal by the petitioner that is:

  • Certified copies of the decision and order from which they appealed.

  • Certified copy of High Court approval issued.

  • A signed copy of the order that gives the credential.

Nowadays it is appropriate to ask the court for an appeal certificate. Without the license, you may file a letter-patent appeal against the court judgment. Completing an appeal typically has a maximum period of 90 or 30 days in the High Court and the Supreme Court, but because the writs process may be specific to each state, it is better to review the High Court and Supreme Court's Letters Patent Laws.

Various provisions in the law regarding Letter patent appeal

Before we accept the Supreme Court decision or numerous other high court’s decisions regarding the letter of patent appeal under clause 15 of the above patent. Knowing the different provisions of law involved is critical and must be studied. Article 226 of the Indian constitution provides as follows.

High court power to grant such writs – Article 226

In Article 226, each High Court shall have the power to issue to the government or to enforce any of the rights conferred by Part III and for any other reason, any individual or authority for the inclusion of appropriate cases. The power conferred on this clause is to issue direction, order, or write to any government, authority, or any individual exercised by the high court, either wholly or in part, concerning the cause of action.

High Court power of superintendence over all trials- Article 227

Without partiality to the generality of the prior arrangements, the High Court may Call for returns from such courts Make an issue common rules and endorse shapes for controlling the hone and procedures of such courts and Endorse shapes in which books, passages, and accounts should be kept by the officers of any such courts.

Letter patent appeal in the high court

  • Letter patent appeal may be lodged in the high court and only in those high courts which the letter patent has created.

  • Division bench can file an appeal to the Supreme Court by letter of the patent. It also includes a full bench of 5 judges, 7 judges, and even the Supreme Court.

  • Letter patent appeal is the only court created in another legally constituted court by a letter patent, which is considered the second appeal. The Indian constitution also defines documents, and it can be lifted only if the opposing party recognizes a habeas corpus writ. Writing authority rests entirely with the High Court and the Supreme Court, and the letter patent challenge includes both benefits and drawbacks.

Letter patent Appeal in Arbitration act

The Bombay High Court's three judges contend that the letter patent challenge cannot be sustained on the grounds of an order issued under section 8 of the arbitration. Such an appeal is only protected by section 37 of the arbitration act. The order issued under section 8 shall be an arbitration act under part one. In interpreting the provisions of the Arbitration Act of 1996, rules and decisions are given under the Arbitration Act of 1940 can be relied upon.

The case Conroe Steels Private Limited v. Lu Qin (Hong Kong) Company Limited has recently settled the issue of the appealing ability of a judgment issued under section 8 of the arbitration and conciliation act and section 15 0f of the letter patent.

It has been noted that a request under Section 8 of the Act is a request under Part I of the Act and that the bar under Section 37 of the Act will extend to an appeal from an order passed under Section 8 of the Act. A Letters Patent Appeal is untenable from an order passed under section 8 of the Act.

Landmark judgements

· Ambalal Manibhaipatel v. State of Gujarat[2]

The petition had filed a written petition in the Gujarat High Court under Article 226 of the Indian Constitution questioning the validity of the notification issued by the Government of Gujarat in the exercise of control under section 15(1) of the Mines and Minerals Act (regulation and development). A single high court judge dismissed the appeal for the writ of the appellant. The appellant consequently appealed against the aforementioned dismissal order by letter patent.

When the letter patent appeal was pending, Gujarat's government released a notice and made the Gujarat mineral (amendment) regulations, lowering the royalty rate to a standard amount for all minor minerals. Several petitions in writing have been lodged in the high court questioning the validity of the said notice. Like other written pleas considered and disposed of by the general decision, the appellant's letter patent appeal also appeals as stated in Sona Bhai Pethaji v. state of Gujarat.

· Shah babulalkhimji v. Jayaben D. Kania and others:[3]

The appeal is a special permit that is aimed against an order of the Bombay high court division bench. This appeal is made by the claimant against the judge's decision and was rejected on the basis that the appeal was untenable, as the decision requested was not a judgment within the scope of paragraph 15 of the letter patent. The Court rejected the petition for the letter patent because the appellant refused to lodge the above patent on time. The Court normally rejected the appeal which was postponed.


Both the High Court and Supreme Court in letter patent appeal give the appellant the alternative. If one is unable to fulfill the court order so he/she will apply for that appeal. In general, the decision of some high court is against the application of the letter patent. The Indian constitution has provided for different rules to comply with letter-patent appeals. In certain legislation, the protection of letter patent appeal is not granted by high courts.

[1]Patents act,1970. [2] AIR 1986 SC 1620 [3]1982 SCR (1) 187